Mastering the Skill of Reasoning – The Trivium

Written by Abdun Nur

(Grammar) Absorb, (Logic) Understand, (Rhetoric) Apply

The most important thing required to form a physical common unity (community) is the skill of reasoning.

Everyone is convinced they can reason, which is a part of the indoctrination of being schooled, however, for the vast majority, that belief is utterly without foundation.

Absorb

Learning to reason is quite simple to master. The first aspect is absorption.

The question is key for absorption, and you must question everything.

Language itself must be examined at the root, and in the past Latin was required in the trivium in order to recognise the root of the English language, however you can simply examine the root (the origin of the word) in dictionaries.

The question must be taken to the very root, this means where, when, what, why, who, are the foundations of absorption of evidence, events and concepts.

Taking an authority and using that to establish any conclusion is absolutely against reasoning, this is the schooled mind approach. The schooled mind begins with a conclusion, and then selectively chooses the things that agree with their conclusion, while completely disregarding things that refute the conclusion.

You must absorb evidence, and examining concepts claimed to explain the evidence.

For example, for the question: Are the tides of the Earths oceans caused by the attraction of mass of the moon?

The evidence shows the moon does have an effect on the Earth oceans.

Now we examine the root by questioning.

At what distance from the earth does the force of gravity extend?

Earths gravity only extends 3200km from its surface.

What is the mass of the moon?

The moon is around a third the mass of the Earth.

What distance is the moon from the Earth?

The actual distance of the moon from the earth varies over the course of the orbit of the moon, from 356,500 km (221,500 mi) at the perigee to 406,700 km (252,700 mi) at apogee.

Now we have established that the moon is around 111 times further away, than the Earth gravitational effect, the moon has a mass of a third that of the earth so its gravitational effect would be around a two third less, if gravity were caused by an attraction of mass.

The conclusion of this is the force of gravity “cannot” be the cause of the moons virtual shadow reducing the Earth gravity as it traverses the heavens.

This opens up more questions, and the process continues.

This is the first aspect of the trivium absorption, questioning everything and absorbing evidence and establishing fundamental truths.

Understanding

Understanding is not standing under the authority of another.

Understanding means, understanding formal fallacy, deductive fallacy, logical fallacy or non sequitur. Lets collectively call this the identification of logical fallacies.

Logical fallacies are flaws in logical argument, debate, writings, etc.

Mastering logical fallicies takes a little more time, there are many logical fallacies, and these are used extensively by the education systems, political systems, religious systems, and media. Without the ability to instantly recognise logical fallacies you cannot reason, because you believe unreasonable, illogical things.

Apply

Rhetoric is the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.

Rhetoric in the schooled mind is designed to have a persuasive or impressive effect through the extensive use of logical fallacies, so is lacking in sincerity or meaningful content.

Rhetoric is the art of expression, which is now so perverted through logical fallacies it is the art of deception.

Rhetoric can be a true art of expression once again, when free of logical fallacies.

“Those who expect to reap the blessings of freedom must, like men, undergo the fatigue of supporting it.” Thomas Paine